Ticks and Fleas

Ectoparasitic Infestations in Companion Animals

Dr. M. L. Gatne
Professor of Veterinary Parasitology,
Bombay Veterinary College, Parel, Mumbai.

Treatment of flea and tick infestation

  • Deltamethrine/Cypermethrin/Permethrin-75 ppm - application on the body & in the premises
  • Ivermectine @ 200 ug/Kg - s/c or oral administration
  • Spot on Fipronil/ Imidacloprid/ combination of Fipronil & Imidocloprid
  • Fipronil spray
  • Nitenpyram (oral)/ Selamectine
  • Lefeneuron - orally - treatment of next generation of fleas
  • Tick/Flea collar - cleaning of collar with brush
  • Herbal preparations
  • Soaps & shampoos

Common tips for control of fleas and ticks

  • The ectoparasites are present on the body of the host as well as in the premises and hence ectoparasiticidal formulations must be used simultaneously at both the places for effective and long term control. For treatment of the infestations in young pups and cats, the premises should be treated more frequently to cut down the source of infestation.
  • The ticks and fleas removed manually should be destroyed by putting them in the kerosene or acaricide solution.
  • After every outdoor activity the body should be groomed thoroughly at least for 5-7 minutes before entering into the premises to dislodge loosely attached ticks and fleas.
  • The body coat should be examined regularly.
  • The soaps and shampoos containing insecticides should not be used indiscriminately.
  • Regular vacuum cleaning the premises.
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